Long participation in the political suffrage had to overcome a number of difficulties and processes to achieve long pass restrictions excluded certain social groups and by gender, race or socioeconomic status.
However, States have refused to fulfill their obligations in time to include in these suffrages two migration profiles:
- People with nationality who are outside from territory.
- Foreigners who are in national territory.
If we see this refractory position to include these two profiles in the democratic voting is closed in part by nationalistic interpretation of sovereignty with the questioning of "patriotic loyalty".
- What is meant by patriotic loyalty?
How well those nationals residing outside the country, do not have that spirit of patriotism toward their land, since they are out of it, and on the other hand those who are in national territory, but they have also shown their indifference to their land emigrating from it and living in another country. Including the possibility that these people use their vote to favor foreigners.
- How suffrage in Spain is?
In Spain however occurs earlier comments, an alien is prohibited from voting in general elections both as autonomous, in the case of nationality in any country of the European Union may vote in Spain in Europe. There is also a list of a total of 12 countries / states with which Spain has signed an international agreement for the vote, provided they have resided in Spanish territory at least five years. Once this first and restrictive requirement, the person who wants to participate in the vote, shall submit an application for registration to the electoral census register, distando far behind the ease with which any Spanish with automating this process, only by being born into it.
Even with these new proposals and small advances in electoral issues, these requirements minimize the facilities are non-nationals to participate in the electoral vote, because each additional steps you need to do, is decreasing the % of participation this kind of political activities.
- And the Spaniards who are outside Spain?
On the other hand we have those who wish to exercise their right to vote but are not on Spanish territory at the time of voting. To this group they have regressed them facilities recognition of the right to vote, since the Organic Law of the General Electoral System was reformed causing the denial of the vote in municipal elections, and to establish a general "prayed vote" in the regional and making similar to that of the foreigners who want to vote in Spain, forcing apply for registration on the electoral roll, as if it were a foreigner, having before this law incorporating an automatic process.
This aspect, considered for many non-Spanish residents as a loss of the Spanish rights is the recognition of participation in municipal elections, and brake the formalities to do to have this begged vote collapsed according to statistical reports participation in elections to the Congress of Deputies at lower percentages in the history of Spanish democracy.
EIn the Herodato, (Andalusians who migrate and perform their feedback) is documented that before this law, the percentage of voter turnout was around 25% during 2000-2008, while in 2011-2015 the following was 5%. Many Andalusians took to the streets to protest these new regulations with the slogan "Vote prayed - Vote Robbed".
Therefore, many Spaniards consider that while these new measures as restrictive are maintained, the exercise of rights will remain far from being democratic as such, calling for equal rights in all respects, without discriminating the origin, or place of residence or without as many obstacles with votes "prayed".