Our law does not overlook behaviors such as these, known as cybercrime. The attacks of ransomware integrate a typical conduct of the crime of damages and sabotage "cracking" provided in article 264 of our Criminal Code that punishes all those behaviors relapsed on data, computer programs or electronic documents from others, whereas those behaviors referred to the operation of An alien computer system are punished in the new article 264 bis of the Penal Code.
HOW CAN I PROTECT MYSELF?
Generally the cyber attacks in average users are produced by downloading certain software with malicious code under a legitimate appearance able to infiltrate in our computer and to take possession of all or part of our contents.
- AVOID DOWNLOADING CERTAIN TYPES OF FILES: Like for example all those that have extensions like .exe, .doc, .xlx, .srb or .vbs.
- BE CAREFUL WITH EMAILS! We must be very attentive, since although we see that the mail comes from someone known the attack can reach us by e-mail, we should avoid opening emails from people or institutions that you do not know and even if they arrive from acquaintances, suspect of strange attachments.
- KEEP OUR UPDATED OPERATING SYSTEM: It is important that our operating system is up to date, since versions like Windows XP do not have good protection against modern viruses.
- ALWAYS USE AN ANTIVIRUS: It is recommended to have an antivirus installed on our device, as it will allow us to detect and stop a ransomware or to trace them in a file without installing.
Often the authors remain anonymous and the tools to make them available to justice is not always effective, but luckily protection against these threats is available to all if we protect ourselves and act appropriately.
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